Oral Diseases

The major oral diseases are dental caries, gum disease, trauma, dentofacial disharmonies and oral cancer.


Tooth Decay

Dental caries is manifested by cavitated or non-lesions (with or without visible loss of tooth tissue) affecting the mineralized tissues of the teeth.

A toothache is what it feels like, usually, when a tooth has formed a cavity. However, in the early stages caries lesions do not cause any symptoms, this emerging only when the extent of the injury is more significant.

If treated properly and promptly, the progression of carious lesions can be stopped, avoiding the risk of tooth loss.


Gingival Disease

The gum disease is an inflammation of the gums which can develop affecting the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. It is caused by bacteria of the film which naturally forms around the teeth and gums.

Gingivitis - is the initial and reversible stage of gum disease. It is an inflammation of the gums caused by the growth of plaque in the area between the teeth and gums. If brushing and flossing do not remove this plaque, toxins are produced that can inflame the gum tissue, causing gingivitis. One can observe bleeding during brushing, this is the first warning sign of the disease.

Periodontitis - This is the irreversible phase of the disease when the bone and fibers that support the teeth remain in place were inevitably affected.


Oral Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is the tooth pain caused by the wear surface of any tooth or gum tissue. The most common cause of sensitive teeth in adults is exposure of dental roots due to gingival recession.



Tartar, also called calculus, is plaque that mineralized and hardened on your teeth. Tartar starts his formation along the gum line and progresses down it, causing inflammation of the gingival tissues. Tartar can not only threaten the health of your teeth and gums, but also become an aesthetic problem.


Esthetic Dentistry

Dental caries is the most common oral disease in our population. It is treated by eliminating the area of the affected tooth and rebuilding it.

In our clinic almost all restorations are made with resins. These composites allow to obtain optimal aesthetic results, making it impossible, without a medical exam, to distinguish them from natural teeth.


Tooth Whitening

Teeth whitening involves the application of a bleaching agent on the tooth surface, acting in its interior, causing the color change to various shades lighter.

Tooth whitening treatments should be preceded by a clinical observation by a Dentist, where you evaluate the color of your teeth using a scale and establishes an indication or contraindication to this treatment. Not all types of stains or discolorations are reversible opting in these cases, by other aesthetic solutions.



Implants consist of the replacement of the natural tooth by placing an artificial root of titanium designated as dental implant. This allows root support for a new tooth.

This method thus has two stages. The first one proceeds to the placement of the implant (which corresponds to the new tooth root). Second, after healing of the implant, which lasts for about 4 months, the dentist puts the tooth on the said implant.

Implants allow to obtain replacement of a tooth, several teeth or all the teeth and their placement is painless.



When the decay of the tooth reaches the pulp (commonly referred to as nerve) this has to be removed, disposed of the bacteria and seal the channels. This procedure is called endodontics and is commonly known as root canal.

It is thus possible to eliminate foci of dental infection and maintain the tooth. The Devitalization of teeth may be the only solution for a tooth, thus avoiding extraction.



Periodontology is the discipline of dentistry dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.


The treatment consists of "cleaning" the sub-gingival area, ie the elimination of bacteria from the area below the gum line and above the bone and is carried out under local anesthesia and painlessly.


Removable Dental Prosthetics

A removable prosthesis is intended to replace lost teeth. It is easily removed and inserted by itself without intervention of the Dentist. After careful observation, Dentist builds a model of your mouth. In just 2 or 3 additional appointments for evidence, your dentures is completed.


Fixed Dental Prosthetics 

Losing teeth is reflected not only in the chewing function but also the aesthetics of teeth. With time and with changes in position of the teeth, it can lead to severe problems in the joint.

After review by the Dentist to the pillar teeth we begin the final placement of Prosthodontics: crown or bridge. From then until the end of this treatment it is usually between 3 to 6 weeks. The placement of implants does not cause pain, local anesthesia is used.



Before starting treatment the Dentist prepares a cephalometric study which includes the construction and analysis of models of your mouth, photographic study, panoramic RX and profile. This study will help define the time of treatment, the type of braces to use and forces to exercise during treatment.


Extraction of Teeth and Surgery

Surgery brings a different set of procedures, most often dental extraction, or the extraction of teeth. The advancement of techniques and knowledge have allowed on one hand to save more teeth, and on the other to reduce the discomfort of treatments. All extraction procedures are executed without teeth pain factor contributing to the reduction of anxiety.


Oral hygiene

It is the most effective way to prevent oral diseases caused by plaque (tooth decay, gingivitis and periodontitis).

It consists in removing plaque from the tooth surface to prevent premature loss of teeth and bones reducing the gingival inflammation and bacterial plaque.

Centro Policlínico de Olhão
Olhão - Dental Clinic

Dentist in Algarve

Rua Lavadouros 46-lj 3
8700-442 OLHÃO
289 706 176
289 706 176